Sasha, Teddy, and Dan mentioned something in their Partition Function Lecture Notes about this man and how brilliant he was. He came from an improverished family with basically no education and was handed a trig book at the age of 10 which he memorized and derived many theorems by the age of 13! I don't know about you, but I didn't even know what a theorem was when I was 13 years old….

Here is more about him:

"Srinivasa Ramanugan was a legendary Indian mathematician,[1] who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions."

"Born and raised in Erode, Tamil Nadu, India, Ramanujan first encountered formal mathematics at age 10. He demonstrated a natural ability, and was given books on advanced trigonometry by S L Loney.[2] He had mastered them by age 13, and even discovered theorems of his own. He demonstrated unusual mathematical skills at school, winning accolades and awards. By 17, Ramanujan conducted his own mathematical research on Bernoulli numbers and the Euler–Mascheroni constant. He received a scholarship to study at Government College in Kumbakonam, but lost it when he failed his non-mathematical coursework. He joined another college to pursue independent mathematical research, working as a clerk in the Accountant-General's office at the Madras Port Trust Office to support himself.[1] In 1912-1913, he sent samples of his theorems to three academicians at the University of Cambridge. Only G. H. Hardy recognized the brilliance of his work, subsequently inviting Ramanujan to study under him at Cambridge."

"During his short lifetime, Ramanujan independently compiled nearly 3900 results (mostly identities and equations).[3] Although a small number of these results were actually false and some were already known, most of his claims have now been proven correct.[4] He stated results that were both original and highly unconventional, such as the Ramanujan prime and the Ramanujan theta function, and these have inspired a vast amount of further research."

Find out more at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srinivasa_Ramanujan