August Ferdinand Mobius, who came up with the Mobius Inversion Formula and Mobius function, was born on Nov. 17, 1790. August was the only child of Johann Mobius, a dancing teacher, who died when August was 3 years old. August was educated at home until he was 13 years old, when he was already showing interest in math. He went to the College in Schulpforta in 1803. He later became a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of the Mobius strip, a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when embedded in 3D Euclidean space. Mobius studied under Carl Gauss, whose theorem we also studied in class. Almost all of Mobius' work was published in Crelle's Journal, the first journal devoted exclusively to publishing mathematics.

On wikipedia, I found some trivial facts about Mobius. "1. Mobius was a descendant of Martin Luther by way of his mother. 2. The crater Mobius on the Moon's far side is named after him. 3. The asteroid 28516 Mobius is also named after him. 4. In 'StarCraft' the upgraded energy reactor of the Terran Ghost is called 'Moebius Reactor.' 5. Mobius also plays a pivotal part in Brian Lumley's 'Necroscope' book series."

August Ferdinand Mobius