After working on the homework problem about the monkeys and the coconuts, I searched for similar problems and found these two:

Problem 1: There are certain things whose number is unknown. Repeatedly divided by 3, the remainder is 2; by 5 the remainder is 3; and by 7 the remainder is 2. What will be the number?

Problem 2: An old woman goes to market and a horse steps on her basket and crashes the eggs. The rider offers to pay for the damages and asks her how many eggs she had brought. She does not remember the exact number, but when she had taken them out two at a time, there was one egg left. The same happened when she picked them out three, four, five, and six at a time, but when she took them seven at a time they came out even. What is the smallest number of eggs she could have had?

If you want to know where these questions came from check out and the history behind them go to: http://www.cut-the-knot.org/blue/chinese.shtml

The answers are on the website too! You might be rather surprised about the number of eggs this lady was carrying!